Types Of Migraines

The Various Migraine Headache Types


 A Migraine With Aura or Without Aura

There are many symptoms and causes of migraine headaches, but the two most common migraine headache types are migraine with aura and migraine without aura. About 20% of migraine headache attacks, regardless of which of the migraine headache types are experienced, include visual disturbances that occur before the headache. These neurological disturbances are called auras and include bright flashes of light, zigzagging patterns of bright light, hypersensitivity to light, blind spots, visual hallucinations, and other symptoms. They typically appear from 10 to 30 minutes prior to the onset of headache, but can occur 60 minutes earlier and occasionally even sooner. If an aura is present it considered migraine with aura.
Types Of Migraines
Types Of Migraines


Types Of Migraines - Named According to the Body Part Affected


Types of migraines are named according to the body part they affect. An other migraine headache types are ophthalmoplegic migraine, abdominal migraine, basilar artery migraine, and others. Believe it or not, there are an other migraine headache types including a headache-free migraine where aura symptoms occur, but a headache never appears.

Abdominal Migraine

Abdominal migraine usually appears in children with a family history of the disorder. Naturally, abdominal pain is the most typical feature of this type of a migraine. Common symptoms that are often present with abdominal migraine are nausea and vomiting, but there can be others. Children who experience abdominal migraine headache types will often develop a typical migraine as they grow to be adults.

Basilar Artery Migraine

This type occurs when a major artery of the brainstem becomes disturbed. It typically appears in women under 30 or 35 years of age. This variety normally lasts from a few hours to a few days. As with most migraine headache types, it can include auras, nausea, vomiting, and many other symptoms. It is usually experienced as a severe throbbing or pounding pain. It can be either a unilateral or bilateral headache and can even be felt at the back of the head on occasion.

Ophthalmoplegic Migraine

Ophthalmoplegic migraine headache begins in the eye and, as in the case of other types, can also include nausea and vomiting. In addition to a headache, the main symptom is ophthalmoplegia, a paralysis of the eye (ocular) muscles. Another name for ocular muscle paralysis is ocular motor nerve palsy. Ophthalmoplegia causes the eyelid to droop. The eyelid may droop for many days or even many weeks. This can be one of the more problematic of the various migraine headache types because, on occasion, eyelid droop can become permanent after multiple migraine attacks. Fortunately, ophthalmoplegic migraine is one of the migraine headache types that do not occur very often.

Hemiplegic Migraine

One of the most brutal migraine headache types is the hemiplegic migraine. It can be very serious and disabling. It can be preceded by auras and often appear in children. Some children will outgrow them as adults, but others will carry the disorder into adulthood. Some of the symptoms are similar to the stroke, but they will not result in permanent nerve damage.

Symptoms of hemiplegic migraines can be very different from one sufferer to another. One person may experience severe paralysis, but just a slight headache while another person may show a mild paralysis with an intensely severe headache. Symptoms may include throbbing and pounding pain in the head, tingling in the arms, numbness or paralysis on one side of the body, and other symptoms associated with a typical migraine. If an aura is present with hemiplegic migraine, it can be more severe in nature and last longer than when occurring with an other migraine headache types.

Migraines can be unbearably painful and disabling. Plus, they increase the risk of experiencing other serious health problems such as stroke, heart attack, heart disease, brain damage, anxiety, panic attacks, diabetes, obesity, and many others. Fortunately, there are ways to stop migraine headaches permanently.


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