Symptoms and Signs of a Migraine

Signs of a Migraine
Signs of a Migraine

Signs of a migraine - These days, with the change of lifestyle, many people tend to be more stressful. A lot of people experience excessive pressures from their workplace and society resulting to exhausted body and mind. Thus, a condition such as migraine become more common among today’s society. This condition will cause serious excruciating pain or throbbing sensations, mostly happening only on one side of our head. There are many times when it comes with vomiting, nausea, and even excessive sensitivity to sound and light.

The severity of migraine range from mild to heavy. The pain can last for hours, or even days, and for some case it can even disabling the patients. Warning signs of a migraine that or often called aura usually occur during or before the attack. These aura usually occur in a form of blind spots, tingling sensation on your face, leg or arm, or flashes of light. Using medications can be a huge help to relieve the pain. If the pain remains after several medications, consulting a doctor should be considered.

Migraine can occur on every age, from childhood to early adulthood. There are four stages of signs of a migraine, but it does not mean everyone experience each stage. Those stages are listed below:
  • Prodrome: before the migraine attack happened, maybe around 1 to 2 days before, there might be subtle changes in your body as signs of a migraine, such as frequent yawning, constipation, neck stiffness, food cravings, increase urination and thirst, and drastic mood changes.
  • Aura: this signs of a migraine probably occur with or before the migraines. However, most people do not experience this type of signs. This symptom involves our nervous systems in a form of visual disturbances. On a certain condition, it may also be verbal or motor disturbance and touching sensations. Each symptoms occur gradually in couple minutes and it will lasts for around twenty to sixty minutes. Some of examples of aura are uncontrollable jerking, visual phenomena, hearing noises, vision loss, speaking difficulty, tingling sensations in a leg or arm, and numbness at one side of the body.
  • Attack: if the condition is not treated, a migraine can last for as long as 72 hours. The frequency of the attack is different between individuals, some only happen once in a full moon, and other can happed couple times in a month. Throughout the attack, you will probably experience lightheadedness, extreme pain on your head, blurred vision, throbbing sensations, nausea and even vomiting, increased sensitivity to sounds and light.
  • Post-drome: this phase of signs of a migraine occur after the attack. After the attack, it is normal to feel washed out and drained. For the next 24 hours after the attack, you may experience increased sensitivity to sound and light, confusion, weakness, moodiness, and dizziness.

People often underestimate migraine which make this condition left untreated. You have to keep on tracks of the attacks if you experience migraine often and visit your doctor for consultation. If the headache pattern shifts or the pain suddenly feel different, immediately contact your doctor. Going to emergency room should be considered if you experience symptoms and signs of a migraine similar to the following list.
  • Novel headache for those who are older than fifty
  • A thunderclap-like headache
  • Chronic headaches that get worse after exertion, straining, or coughing
  • Headache after head injuries
  • Headache with numbness, fever, trouble speaking, stiff neck, weakness, mental confusion, double vision, or seizures

There are several risk factors that make someone more prone to migraine attacks. Some of them are listed below:
  • Hormonal changes: for women who often experience migraines, you may notice that the attack occur before or after the beginning of menstruation. Pregnancy can also disrupt the pattern of the headache. After menopause, the migraine usually improve. 
  • Family history: despite not knowing the actual causes, it is suggested that migraine may be hereditary. Thus, if you have family members with constant migraines, you will most likely to develop one. 
  • Sex: women are more susceptible to migraines, almost three times than men. Most boys get affected by migraines during their childhood, while girls are more prone after they hit their puberty.
  • Age: the first onset of migraine usually happen during adolescence and it peaks during 30s. Gradually, it will turn into less severe conditions after the peak.